This will be our first series on how to do smart monitoring and visualization of your entire Infrastructure. The entire series will concentrate on tools like Grafana, Prometheus, InfluxDB, Telegraf and maybe others to come. This guide will discuss how to install Grafana / InfluxDB on CentOS 7 / RHEL 7 Linux system.
Since this is the first article in the series, I’ll make an introductory definition of tools that we’ll be working with:
InfluxDB is an open-source time series database developed written in Go by InfluxData. InfluxDB is optimized for fast, high-availability storage and retrieval of time series data for metrics analysis. This can be installed on a single server or a clustered.
Telegraf is an agent written in Go for collecting, processing, aggregating, and writing metrics. Design goals are to have a minimal memory footprint with a plugin system so that developers in the community can easily add support for collecting metrics from local or remote services. It is installed on all devices that need to be monitored, and all metrics collected by Telegraf are pushed stored on InfluxDB.
Grafana is an open source, feature rich metrics dashboard and graph editor for Graphite, Elasticsearch, OpenTSDB, Prometheus, and InfluxDB. Data stored on InfluxDB will be visualized using Grafana.
Prometheus is a tool used for systems and service monitoring. It collects metrics from configured targets at given intervals, evaluates rule expressions, displays the results, and can trigger alerts if some condition is observed to be true. Metrics stored on Prometheus can be visualized using Grafana.
For Ubuntu / Debian, check:
Installing InfluxDB on CentOS 7 / RHEL 7
Influxdata provides the repository for installing InfluxDB and telegraf on CentOS 7 / RHEL 7. To add the repository to your system, use the commands:
Update cache to confirm that the repository is working fine:
sudo yum makecache
Then install influxDB:
sudo yum -y install influxdb vim curl
Start and enable the service:
sudo systemctl start influxdb && sudo systemctl enable influxdb
Configure InfluxDB firewall
By default, InfluxDB uses the following network ports:
- TCP port 8086 is used for client-server communication over InfluxDB’s HTTP API
- TCP port 8088 is used for the RPC service for backup and restore.
To open it on the firewall, use the command:
sudo firewall-cmd --add-port=8086/tcp --permanent sudo firewall-cmd --reload
Port mappings can be modified by changing the file /etc/influxdb/influxdb.conf. Since all is configured now, we can start the service now.
sudo systemctl start influxdb sudo systemctl enable influxdb
Confirm service status:
$ systemctl status influxd ● influxdb.service - InfluxDB is an open-source, distributed, time series database Loaded: loaded (/usr/lib/systemd/system/influxdb.service; enabled; vendor preset: disabled) Active: active (running) since Wed 2022-04-20 10:04:52 UTC; 59s ago Docs: https://docs.influxdata.com/influxdb/ Process: 13870 ExecStart=/usr/lib/influxdb/scripts/influxd-systemd-start.sh (code=exited, status=0/SUCCESS) Main PID: 13871 (influxd) Tasks: 13 (limit: 49496) Memory: 11.9M CGroup: /system.slice/influxdb.service └─13871 /usr/bin/influxd -config /etc/influxdb/influxdb.conf
InfluxDB http Authentication (Optional)
If you need http authentication, modify influxdb http section to contain the following.
$ sudo vim /etc/influxdb/influxdb.conf [http] # Determines whether HTTP endpoint is enabled. enabled = true # Determines whether user authentication is enabled over HTTP/HTTPS. auth-enabled = true
Then create a user with an authentication password:
curl -XPOST "http://localhost:8086/query" --data-urlencode \ "q=CREATE USER admin WITH PASSWORD 'StrongPassw0rd' WITH ALL PRIVILEGES"
- admin with your own username
- StrongPassw0rd with your own password (note that the password requires single quotes)
Restart influxd service:
sudo systemctl restart influxd
Now whenever you need to run any influxdb commands on the terminal, you need to specify username using -username and password using -password options.
$ influx -username 'admin' -password 'StrongPassw0rd' Connected to http://localhost:8086 version 1.8.10 InfluxDB shell version: 1.8.10 > quit
For curl, use -u to specify username and password separated by a colon.
$ curl -G http://localhost:8086/query -u admin:StrongPassw0rd --data-urlencode "q=SHOW DATABASES" "results":["statement_id":0,"series":["name":"databases","columns":["name"],"values":[["_internal"]]]]
By default, influxdb service is listening on all interfaces on port 8086.
Installing Grafana on CentOS 7 / RHEL 7
There are two ways to install Grafana on CentOS 7 / RHEL 7, one is using official Grafana yum repository, and the other method involves manually downloading rpm package and installing it locally on the server.
The preferred method is using repo since it is easy to update to latest release. So add the following to a new file at
sudo yum -y install grafana
You’ll be prompted to accept gpg key, press Yes to continue. To start grafana service and enable it to start on boot, run:
sudo systemctl start grafana-server sudo systemctl enable grafana-server
This will start the grafana-server process as the grafana user, which is created during package installation. The default HTTP port is 3000, and default user and group is admin. By default Grafana will log to /var/log/grafana.
Checking service status:
$ systemctl status grafana-server ● grafana-server.service - Grafana instance Loaded: loaded (/usr/lib/systemd/system/grafana-server.service; enabled; vendor preset: disabled) Active: active (running) since since Wed 2022-04-20 10:13:09 UTC; 36s ago Docs: http://docs.grafana.org Main PID: 14526 (grafana-server) Tasks: 10 (limit: 49496) Memory: 27.9M CGroup: /system.slice/grafana-server.service └─14526 /usr/sbin/grafana-server --config=/etc/grafana/grafana.ini --pidfile=/var/run/grafana/grafana-server.pid --packaging=rpm cfg:default.paths.log>
The default configuration file is /etc/grafana/grafana.in with sqlite3 database store located at /var/lib/grafana/grafana.db
Open firewall port for Grafana
If you have a running firewalld service, consider opening port 3000 of you’re going to access the dashboard over the network.
sudo firewall-cmd --add-port=3000/tcp --permanent sudo firewall-cmd --reload
You can access the dashboard on the web using port
3000 and IP address or hostname and start creating Dashboards.
On our next article, we’ll look at how to install telegraf client agent for InfluxDB and collect server metrics for visualization on Grafana: Monitor Linux System with Grafana and Telegraf