Install and Use Nextcloud 24 on Amazon Linux 2

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NextCloud is a free and open-source collaboration and sharing program. It lets users to access and store data from a variety of devices, including PCs and smartphones. NextCloud is comparable to DropBox in that it enables for seamless collaboration on many projects, calendar management, email sending and receiving, and video calls.

We’ll walk you through installing, configuring and using Nextcloud on Amazon Linux 2 in this tutorial.

Features of Nextcloud 23

Here are the amazing features of Nextcloud 23:

  • Nextcloud Files has 10x faster synchronization, delegate limited administration from admins to users, and set user status automatically.
  • External appointment booking, advanced room and resource search in Calendar and Mail have all been improved in Nextcloud Groupware.
  • Background blur, device check screen, and sophisticated permission management are discussed in Nextcloud Talk.
  • Nextcloud Office is a cooperation between Collabora Productivity and Nextcloud. Docker-All-In-One is simple to install and upgrade.
  • Nextcloud Backup is a peer-to-peer backup service aimed towards individual users.
  • Updates for Nextcloud Desktop, Android, and iOS clients are now available.

Following the steps below, let’s dig in the installation of Nextcloud on Amazon Linux 2.

#1) Update Amazon Linux 2

Run the following command to ensure that all packages are updated in Amazon Linux 2:

sudo yum -y update

We always recommend a reboot when system is upgraded:

sudo reboot

#2) Install Apache on Amazon Linux

To be able to run Nextcloud web interface, we need to install Apache on Amazon Linux 2.

Run the following command to install Apache:

sudo yum install httpd -y

Start and enable Apache:

sudo systemctl start httpd
sudo systemctl enable httpd

Confirm the status of Apache:

$ systemctl status httpd
 httpd.service - The Apache HTTP Server
   Loaded: loaded (/usr/lib/systemd/system/httpd.service; enabled; vendor preset: disabled)
   Active: active (running) since Thu 2022-02-03 20:49:17 UTC; 20s ago
     Docs: man:httpd.service(8)
 Main PID: 22856 (httpd)
   Status: "Total requests: 0; Idle/Busy workers 100/0;Requests/sec: 0; Bytes served/sec:   0 B/sec"
   CGroup: /system.slice/httpd.service
           ├─22856 /usr/sbin/httpd -DFOREGROUND
           ├─22861 /usr/sbin/httpd -DFOREGROUND
           ├─22862 /usr/sbin/httpd -DFOREGROUND
           ├─22864 /usr/sbin/httpd -DFOREGROUND
           ├─22881 /usr/sbin/httpd -DFOREGROUND
           └─22891 /usr/sbin/httpd -DFOREGROUND

Feb 03 20:49:17 localhost systemd[1]: Starting The Apache HTTP Server...
Feb 03 20:49:17 localhost systemd[1]: Started The Apache HTTP Server.

#3) Install PHP and its Dependencies

Run the following command to install PHP and its dependencies on Amazon Linux 2:

sudo amazon-linux-extras install php7.4 -y
sudo yum install -y php php-curl php-fpm php-mysqlnd php-opcache php-gd php-xml php-mbstring php-common php-json php-zip

#4) Install MariaDB Database on Amazon Linux

Use the following guide to install MariaDB database on Amazon Linux 8:

Create Nextcloud database

Login to MariaDB database as follows:

$ mysql -u root -p

Now create Nextcloud a database as below:

CREATE DATABASE nextclouddb;
CREATE USER 'nextcloud'@'%' IDENTIFIED BY '[email protected]';
GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON nextclouddb.* TO 'nextcloud'@'%';
FLUSH PRIVILEGES;
EXIT;

#5) Install NextCloud on Amazon Linux 2

The NextCloud file must be downloaded from the official release site. You can download the most recent version by going to the official website.

sudo yum install wget -y
wget https://download.nextcloud.com/server/releases/latest.zip

After you’ve downloaded it, extract it as instructed.

sudo yum install unzip -y
unzip latest.zip

After that, copy the extracted files to Apache’s document root (/var/www/html). Make a data directory to hold user information.

sudo mv nextcloud /var/www/html
sudo mkdir -p /var/www/html/nextcloud/data

Make the Apache user the owner of the files listed above.

sudo chown -R apache:apache /var/www/html/nextcloud/

#6) Configure Apache for Nextcloud on Amazon Linux 2

Change the configuration file for Apache httpd:

sudo vim /etc/httpd/conf.d/nextcloud.conf

Now, add the following content to the file above:


    ServerName nextcloud.example.com
    DocumentRoot /var/www/html/nextcloud
    ErrorLog /var/www/html/nextcloud/error.log
    CustomLog /var/www/html/nextcloud/requests.log combined
     

Allow apache access to the file /var/www/html/nextcloud/ and restart the service.

sudo chown -R apache:apache /var/www/html/nextcloud/
sudo chmod -R 755 /var/www

Disable default apache page and restart service:

sudo rm /etc/httpd/conf.d/welcome.conf
sudo systemctl restart httpd

Ensure httpd services is running:

$ systemctl status httpd
 httpd.service - The Apache HTTP Server
   Loaded: loaded (/usr/lib/systemd/system/httpd.service; disabled; vendor preset: disabled)
  Drop-In: /usr/lib/systemd/system/httpd.service.d
           └─php-fpm.conf
   Active: active (running) since Thu 2022-03-03 00:50:22 UTC; 6s ago
     Docs: man:httpd.service(8)
 Main PID: 3565 (httpd)
   Status: "Processing requests..."
   CGroup: /system.slice/httpd.service
           ├─3565 /usr/sbin/httpd -DFOREGROUND
           ├─3571 /usr/sbin/httpd -DFOREGROUND
           ├─3572 /usr/sbin/httpd -DFOREGROUND
           ├─3573 /usr/sbin/httpd -DFOREGROUND
           ├─3574 /usr/sbin/httpd -DFOREGROUND
           └─3575 /usr/sbin/httpd -DFOREGROUND

Mar 03 00:50:22 amazon-linux systemd[1]: Starting The Apache HTTP Server...
Mar 03 00:50:22 amazon-linux httpd[3565]: AH00558: httpd: Could not reliably determine the server's fully qualified domain name, using ::1. Set the 'ServerName' directive globally to... this message
Mar 03 00:50:22 amazon-linux systemd[1]: Started The Apache HTTP Server.

#7) Configure Nextcloud on Amazon Linux 2

You can now go to http://your-server-ip> in your browser to access Nextcloud. The following page should appear.

install-nextcloud-amazon-linux2-page

Now, create an admin account.

install-nextcloud-amazon-linux2-admin

Fill in the database credential based on the Nextcloud database created above under storage and database by selecting MySQL/MariaDB section:

install-nextcloud-amazon-linux2-database

Scroll to the bottom of the page and click Install.

After successful installation, you will get the following page:

install-nextcloud-amazon-linux2-successful-install

Now while you’re here, go through the tips all the way to the conclusion.

You can adjust your background and what appears on the start-up page on the page below.

install-nextcloud-amazon-linux2-customize

Using Nextcloud on Amazon Linux 2

As an admin or a user with admin permissions, you may now start uploading files directly to the Nextcloud server and sharing them with your members of the team. Click the files icon, then the plus sign, and then ‘upload file’ to upload a file from your local storage.

install-nextcloud-amazon-linux2-upload-files

When you upload a file, you can share it with others and specify permissions for what those who have access to it may do with it, such as read, write, and share it. Click the sharing icon as indicated to share a file.

install-nextcloud-amazon-linux2-share

You should look at the various sharing possibilities.

install-nextcloud-amazon-linux2-share-options

#8) Install Nextcloud client

To interface with the Nextcloud server, a nextcloud client will be installed on our local workstations. Windows, MacOS, and Linux users can choose from a variety of options. We will install Nextcloud client for Linux.

Make sure you’ve created a user on the Nextcloud server who will be utilizing the client to connect to the server before proceeding.Click the Admin logo, then Users, to create a user on the Nextcloud server. At this time, just the admin user has been created. As seen below, we have created user frank.

install-nextcloud-amazon-linux2-user-created

You can now install the Nextcloud client once you’ve created the user. Go to the Nextcloud website and choose a client for your operating system. I’ve downloaded for Linux in my situation.

install-nextcloud-amazon-linux2-client

Right-click the downloaded file and select Properties->Permissions. On Execute section, choose only owner and group.

install-nextcloud-amazon-linux2-permission

Now, double click on the file to run the application.

install-nextcloud-amazon-linux2-nextcloud-login

Choose ‘login to your nextcloud‘. Enter the URL for the Nextcloud server (http://nextcloud-server-ip>). Before the user is granted access to the Nextcloud server, Nextcloud will automatically start the browser and prompt you to login.

Log in if you haven’t already. The account will be connected after you click ‘Grant access‘. Return to the installation wizard and select ‘Connect‘. Nextcloud will begin synchronizing on its own.

install-nextcloud-amazon-linux2-connect-client

A Nextcloud folder should also appear in your disk. Anything you place in this folder will be synced to the cloud storage automatically, and files uploaded directly to the cloud server will be synced back to this folder. All files you’ve shared with others will be synced to the folder as well.

install-nextcloud-amazon-linux2-synced-data

#9) Nextcloud Apps Management

You may extend, customize, and restrict functionalities with NextCloud. Depending on your needs, you may choose to enable and disable a few features and apps after installing Nextcloud. Navigate to the Apps page to see the default apps.

install-nextcloud-amazon-linux2-apps

Conclusion

On Amazon Linux 2, you’ve successfully installed Nextcloud server, configured it, uploaded files, and shared them with others. We’ve also seen how to set up a client that will sync local files to the cloud storage automatically. I hope you found the information in this tutorial to be helpful.

 

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A systems engineer with excellent skills in systems administration, cloud computing, systems deployment, virtualization, containers, and a certified ethical hacker.