How to Install PostGIS on CentOS 7 / RHEL 7

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How can I install PostGIS on CentOS 7?. This guide will walk you through the steps of installing PostGIS on CentOS 7 / RHEL 7. PostGIS is a PostgreSQL database extension which allows GIS (Geographic Information Systems) objects to be stored in the database.

PostGIS includes support for GiST-based R-Tree spatial indexes and functions for analysis and processing of GIS objects. It is an open source software licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 License.

For CentOS 8, use: How To Install PostGIS on CentOS 8

Step 1: Install PostgreSQL Database server

PostgreSQL is a dependency for using PostGIS features. Install it on CentOS 7 / RHEL 7 using our guide below.

Step 2: Add EPEL repository to CentOS 7 / RHEL 7

A number of dependencies are on the EPEL repository. Run the following command to install epel repository in your CentOS 7 / RHEL 7 machine.

sudo yum -y install https://dl.fedoraproject.org/pub/epel/epel-release-latest-7.noarch.rpm

Step 3: Install PostGIS on CentOS 7 / RHEL 7

After the installation of PostgreSQL and adding EPEL repository, proceed to install PostGIS from the PostgreSQL added. The repository was added using command like below.

PostGIS on PostgreSQL 12:

sudo yum -y install https://download.postgresql.org/pub/repos/yum/reporpms/EL-7-x86_64/pgdg-redhat-repo-latest.noarch.rpm
sudo yum install postgis25_12

PostGIS on PostgreSQL 11

sudo yum -y install https://download.postgresql.org/pub/repos/yum/reporpms/EL-7-x86_64/pgdg-redhat-repo-latest.noarch.rpm
sudo yum install postgis25_11

Check PostGIS v2.5 version for your PostgreSQL release. The version installed can be checked with:

$ rpm -qi postgis25_11
Name        : postgis25_11
Version     : 2.5.5
Release     : 5.rhel7
Architecture: x86_64
Install Date: Fri May 20 13:08:44 2022
Group       : Unspecified
Size        : 29719583
License     : GPLv2+
Signature   : DSA/SHA1, Wed Jul 14 18:56:42 2021, Key ID 1f16d2e1442df0f8
Source RPM  : postgis25_11-2.5.5-5.rhel7.src.rpm
Build Date  : Wed Jul 14 18:55:52 2021
Build Host  : koji-centos7-x86-64-pgbuild
Relocations : (not relocatable)
Vendor      : PostgreSQL Global Development Group
URL         : http://www.postgis.net/
Summary     : Geographic Information Systems Extensions to PostgreSQL
....

Step 4: Enable PostGIS Spatial features

You need to activate PostGIS features on a database before you can store spacial data. The example below will show you how to create a database and activate the Spacial features.

1.Switch to postgres user.

sudo -i -u postgres

2.Create test user/database.

-bash-4.2$ createuser test_user
-bash-4.2$ createdb test_db -O test_user

3.Connect to the test database:

-bash-4.2$ psql -d test_db
psql (11.16)
 Type "help" for help.

4.Enable the PostGIS extension on the database:

test_db=# CREATE EXTENSION postgis;
 CREATE EXTENSION

5. Verify

test_db=# SELECT PostGIS_version();
             postgis_version            
 2.5 USE_GEOS=1 USE_PROJ=1 USE_STATS=1
 (1 row)
test_db=# \q

Refer to Official PostGIS Documentation for a usage guide and advanced configurations.

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