How To Add RHEL 8 qcow2 Image To OpenStack Glance

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Are you looking for an expeditious way to add RHEL 8 qcow2 VM Image to OpenStack Glance store?. The OpenStack Image service (Glance) acts as a registry for virtual disk images. As a user, you can add new images or take a snapshot (copy) of an existing server for immediate storage on Glance.

For CentOS 8: How to run CentOS 8 on OpenStack

Glance has support for the following image formats:

  • raw (unstructured format)
  • qcow2 (Qemu/KVM, supports Copy on Write)
  • iso (archive format for optical discs; for example, CD)
  • vhd (Hyper-V, common for virtual machine monitors from VMware, Xen, Microsoft, VirtualBox, and others)
  • vdi (Qemu/VirtualBox)
  • vmdk (VMware)
  • bare (no metadata is included)
  • aki/ami/ari (Amazon kernel, ramdisk, or machine image)
  • e.t.c.

I have a single server OpenStack Stein deployed – powered by CentOS 7 and KVM Virtualization. Since I use KVM, the image that I’ll add will be qcow2. There are two ways of getting a qcow2 VM image.

  • Manually create a RHEL 8 VM and export – virt-installvirt-builder.
  • Download RHEL 8 qcow2 image from Red Hat customer portal.

Step 1: Download RHEL 8 qcow2 image

The facile and convenient method is pulling a Red Hat distributed qcow2 image for RHEL 8.

Visit Red Hat Product Downloads page. Under Red Hat Enterprise Linux 8, click on the drop-down menu.

add-rhel-8-image-to-openstack-01-1024x150

Select “Download Latest

add-rhel-8-image-to-openstack-02

Check and pick the latest KVM Guest Image from the list of available images.

add-rhel-8-image-to-openstack-03-1024x150

Use the “Download Now” link to get the latest qcow2 image of RHEL 8.

add-rhel-8-image-to-openstack-04-1024x531

The file should be saved locally in your disk.

$ file ~/Downloads/rhel-8.0-update-1-x86_64-kvm.qcow2
/home/jmutai/Downloads/rhel-8.0-update-1-x86_64-kvm.qcow2: QEMU QCOW2 Image (v2), 10737418240 bytes

You can further customize qcow2 image using our guide as reference:

How To Customize Qcow2/Raw Linux OS disk image with virt-customize

Step 2: Configure OpenStack Client / CLI

We’ll use the openstack command line client tool to upload downloaded RHEL 8 qcow2 image to Glance. Install and configure it using the guide:

How To Install and Configure OpenStack Client on Linux

Step 3: Upload RHEL 8 image to Openstack Glance storage

With openstack client configured, upload RHEL 8 qcow2 image to Glance using the commands.

QCOW2_IMAGE_FILE="./rhel-8.0-update-1-x86_64-kvm.qcow2"
GLANCE_IMAGE_NAME="rhel-8"

openstack image create  \
 --container-format bare \
 --disk-format qcow2     \
 --file $QCOW2_IMAGE_FILE \
 $GLANCE_IMAGE_NAME

Check if RHEL 8 image has been added to list of available Glance images.

$ openstack image list
+--------------------------------------+-----------+--------+
| ID                                   | Name      | Status |
+--------------------------------------+-----------+--------+
| b8d75f31-fb6b-428b-8b83-f3904b0bd114 | CentOS-7  | active |
| fbcf16a0-c7cc-42c1-b836-a39bc34c9666 | Cirros    | active |
| d900bcad-047a-4d01-bcbc-42426bb4315d | CoreOS    | active |
| f0ac705b-ee73-4de8-95f7-4e06569f0f5c | Debian-10 | active |
| 01e6f07b-ca99-439d-9cd0-ab28c2573abf | Fedora-30 | active |
| 7bd462ad-cc11-4d89-8b85-9aab0cfe114b | Ubuntu-18 | active |
| 6b3dc49b-a53f-4cfc-98e0-9eb6925219de | rhel-7    | active |
| 965cb833-b97e-4488-9bc6-84495b9a9b7b | rhel-8    | active |
+--------------------------------------+-----------+--------+

To display image details, use the command.

$ openstack image show rhel-8

Step 4: Create OpenStack Server from RHEL 8 qcow2 image

We should be able to create a new instance on OpenStack from the added Glance image of RHEL 8.

openstack server create \
 --image rhel-8 \
 --key-name jmutai \
 --flavor m1.medium \
 --security-group  7fffea2a-b756-473a-a13a-219dd0f1913a  \
 --network private  \
 rhel8

Creation output.

+-------------------------------------+-----------------------------------------------+
| Field                               | Value                                         |
+-------------------------------------+-----------------------------------------------+
| OS-DCF:diskConfig                   | MANUAL                                        |
| OS-EXT-AZ:availability_zone         |                                               |
| OS-EXT-SRV-ATTR:host                | None                                          |
| OS-EXT-SRV-ATTR:hypervisor_hostname | None                                          |
| OS-EXT-SRV-ATTR:instance_name       |                                               |
| OS-EXT-STS:power_state              | NOSTATE                                       |
| OS-EXT-STS:task_state               | scheduling                                    |
| OS-EXT-STS:vm_state                 | building                                      |
| OS-SRV-USG:launched_at              | None                                          |
| OS-SRV-USG:terminated_at            | None                                          |
| accessIPv4                          |                                               |
| accessIPv6                          |                                               |
| addresses                           |                                               |
| adminPass                           | tm49aPXdRhd3                                  |
| config_drive                        |                                               |
| created                             | 2019-09-07T08:56:44Z                          |
| flavor                              | m1.medium (2)                                 |
| hostId                              |                                               |
| id                                  | 047cf8a9-764c-478c-ab18-f90c51f4cab3          |
| image                               | rhel-8 (965cb833-b97e-4488-9bc6-84495b9a9b7b) |
| key_name                            | jmutai                                        |
| name                                | rhel8                                         |
| progress                            | 0                                             |
| project_id                          | 06bcc3c56ab1489282b65681e782d7f6              |
| properties                          |                                               |
| security_groups                     | name='7fffea2a-b756-473a-a13a-219dd0f1913a'   |
| status                              | BUILD                                         |
| updated                             | 2019-09-07T08:56:44Z                          |
| user_id                             | 336acbb7421f47f8be4891eabf0c9cc8              |
| volumes_attached                    |                                               |
+-------------------------------------+-----------------------------------------------+

List servers available on OpenStack.

$ openstack server list
+--------------------------------------+-------------------+--------+-----------------------------------+----------+-----------+
| ID                                   | Name              | Status | Networks                          | Image    | Flavor    |
+--------------------------------------+-------------------+--------+-----------------------------------+----------+-----------+
| 047cf8a9-764c-478c-ab18-f90c51f4cab3 | rhel8             | ACTIVE | private=10.10.1.143               | rhel-8   | m1.medium |
+--------------------------------------+-------------------+--------+-----------------------------------+----------+-----------+

The default ssh user for RHEL 8 qcow2 image is cloud-user.

$ ssh [email protected]
The authenticity of host '10.10.1.143 (10.10.1.143)' can't be established.
ECDSA key fingerprint is SHA256:ZE/ajeFNUZpV3/AXp2taXanHT9mRa6FbWNd7ai3gsK0.
ECDSA key fingerprint is MD5:98:bd:4b:2d:61:12:54:4d:75:cd:20:8a:db:3f:11:59.
Are you sure you want to continue connecting (yes/no)? yes
Warning: Permanently added '10.10.1.143' (ECDSA) to the list of known hosts.
Activate the web console with: systemctl enable --now cockpit.socket
[[email protected] ~]$ 

You can then register Red Hat server and start installing software packages.

$ sudo subscription-manager register --auto-attach
Registering to: subscription.rhsm.redhat.com:443/subscription
Username: 
Password: 
The system has been registered with ID: 704cda51-0de8-4ee2-ad37-50b7ec70b8f2
The registered system name is: rhel8.novalocal
Installed Product Current Status:
Product Name: Red Hat Enterprise Linux for x86_64
Status:       Subscribed

Enjoy running RHEL 8 workloads on OpenStack cloud platform. For more reading, check other articles related to OpenStack and Virtualization.

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A systems engineer with excellent skills in systems administration, cloud computing, systems deployment, virtualization, containers, and a certified ethical hacker.