Bat is a cat(1) clone with syntax highlighting and Git integration. If you need an amazing experience while working with the cat command, then this tool is definitely for you. Bat supports syntax highlighting for a large number of programming and markup languages.
Features of bat – cat alternative tool
- Automatic paging: bat can pipe its own output to less if the output is too large for one screen.
- Git integration: bat communicates with git to show modifications with respect to the index
- Syntax highlighting: Native support for syntax highlighting for a large number of programming and markup languages:
- File concatenation: Whenever bat detects a non-interactive terminal, it will fall back to printing the plain file contents.
Install bat on Ubuntu / Debian
There is a bat Debian package available on Github releases page. Check the latest release version before downloading with this method.
rm -f bat* curl -s https://api.github.com/repos/sharkdp/bat/releases/latest |grep browser_download_url | cut -d '"' -f 4 | grep 'amd64.deb' | grep -v musl | wget -i - sudo dpkg -i bat_*_amd64.deb
Sample installation output:
Selecting previously unselected package bat. (Reading database ... 210772 files and directories currently installed.) Preparing to unpack bat_0.21.0_amd64.deb ... Unpacking bat (0.21.0) ... Setting up bat (0.21.0) ... Processing triggers for man-db (2.10.2-1) ...
You can also install directly using package manager. This won’t guarantee installation of the latest release:
sudo apt install bat
Install bat command on Arch Linux
For Arch Linux users, bat package is available on upstream repositories and you can install it using
pacman package manager.
sudo pacman -S bat
Install bat command on Void Linux
On a Void Linux system, install
bat using the following commands:
xbps-install -S bat
Install bat on Alpine Linux
sudo apk add bat
Install bat command on macOS
You can install
bat with Homebrew:
brew install bat
Install bat command on Fedora
For Fedora perform the installation using dnf package manager:
sudo dnf install bat
Install bat command on Gentoo
Use the command:
sudo emerge sys-apps/bat
Install bat command on FreeBSD:
sudo pkg install bat
How to use bat command on Linux
Here are few examples on how you can use bat
To view contents of a file, use:
Display multiple files at once
$ bat code/*.yml
You can also read input from stdin, explicitly specify the language
$ yaml2json playbook.yml | json_pp | bat -l json curl -s https://site.com/main.rs | bat -l rs
To see all supported languages, use:
All other standard
cat commands should work, e.g:
Creating a new file
bat > README.md
Combine three files output to one
$ bat file1.md file1.md file1.md > mydocument.md
$ bat -n ping_servers.sh $ bat f - g # output 'f', then stdin, then 'g'.
Change Highlighting theme
To get a list of all available themes for syntax highlighting, run:
$ bat --list-themes
Set a theme by calling bat command with the
$ bat --theme=DarkNeon
The same can be achieved by using
BAT_THEME environment variable.
This can be added to your
~/.bashrc | ~/.zshrc file
Check complete help page using
$ bat --help bat 0.21.0 (405e5f7) A cat(1) clone with syntax highlighting and Git integration. USAGE: bat [OPTIONS] [FILE]... bat
For further customizations, check the official Bat Github page.